Types of cardiac abnormalities occur most commonly in baby is a Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) or a hole in the bulkhead chambers.
Doctor heart surgeon Child in Siloam Heart Institute, Prof. dr. Ganesja M. Harimurti, SpJP (K), said about 60 percent of cases a hole in the heart septum can actually close by itself. However, the rest need to be intervened by closing the hole.
"Cardiologist will check whether the case can be closed itself or not. If the hole in the septum born with major heart really generally can not get close itself," said Ganesja in Siloam Hospital Kebon Jeruk, Jakarta, Tuesday (09/20/2016).
In the past, the closing hole is done with surgery. As technology advances, the bulk of cases of congenital heart disease no longer be repaired with surgery.
For the case of VSD, the hole is closed with a tool called double mushroom. The tool has a lot size will be adjusted to the size of the hole in the septum of the heart. Installation is aided by a catheter inserted from the groin.
"Now more and more sophisticated. No need to open surgery, enough disposable catheter. With this procedure, patients stay just two nights only," said Ganesja.
Babies can undergo the surgery if his weight has reached 5 kilograms and there is no problem in kidney health.
If the VSD is not corrected, the child will experience growth problems, frequent illness, and death.
Congenital heart disease can occur due to an interruption or failure of development of cardiac structures in the early stages of fetal development.
Ganesja revealed, forming the heart of the perfect start at the age of 3 months of pregnancy. Detection of heart abnormalities can be done at the age of 4 months of pregnancy.